VITEEE 2011 Syllabus VITEEE 2011 Syllabus Physics Chemistry Mathematics Biology Human Physiology Download

The VIT University, commonly referred to as Vellore Institute of Technology or VIT located in Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Students from all over India apply for VITEEE Entrance Exam for better career prospects.

The VIT University, commonly referred to as Vellore Institute of Technology or VIT located in Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. Students from all over India apply for VITEEE Entrance Exam for better career prospects.

**VITEEE – 2011 Syllabus Download**

**Part - I - Physics**

Electrostatics

Frictional electricity, charges and their conservation; Coulomb’s law-forces between two point electric charges - Forces between multiple electric charges-superposition principle.

Electric field – electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines; electric dipole, electric field intensity due to a dipole - behaviour of a dipole in a uniform electric fieldapplication of electric dipole in microwave oven.

Electric potential - potential diff erence-electric potential due to a point charge and dipole-equipotential surfaces – electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges. Electric fl ux-Gauss’s theorem and its applications to find field due to (i) infi nitely long straight wire (ii) uniformly charged infi nite plane sheet (iii) two parallel sheets and (iv) uniformly charged thin spherical shell (inside and outside) Electrostatic induction-capacitor and capacitance – dielectric and electric polarisation – parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium – applications of capacitor – energy stored in a capacitor - Capacitors in series and in parallel – action of points – Lightning arrester – Van de Graaff generator.

Current Electricity

Electric Current – fl ow of charges in a metallic conductor – drift velocity and mobility and their relation with electric current.

Ohm’s law, electrical resistance - V-I characteristics – electrical resistivity and conductivity-classifi cation of materials in terms of conductivity – Superconductivity (elementary ideas) - Carbon resistors – colour code for carbon resistorscombination of resistors – series and parallel – temperature dependence of resistance – internal resistance of a cell – potential diff erence and emf of a cell - combinations of cells in series and in parallel.

Kirchoff ’s law – illustration by simple circuits – Wheatstone’s Bridge and its application for temperature coeffi cient of resistance measurement - Metrebridge - special case of Wheatstone bridge - Potentiometer- principle - comparing the emf of two cells.

Eff ects of Electric Current

Magnetic eff ect of Electric current - Concept of magnetic field - Oersted’s experiment - Biot-Savart law - magnetic field due to an infi nitely long current carrying straight wire and circular coil - Tangent galvanometer - construction and working - Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid - magnetic field lines.

Ampere’s circuital law and its application. Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic field and electic field - cyclotron - Force on current carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field - Forces between two parallel current carrying conductors - defi nition of ampere. Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field - moving coil galvanometer - conversion to ammeter and voltmeter - current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment - magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron.

Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current Electromagnetic induction - Faraday’s law - induced emf and current - Lenz’s law.

Self induction - Mutual induction - self inductance of a long solenoid - mutual inductance of two long solenoids. Methods of inducing emf - (i) by changing magnetic induction (ii) by changing area enclosed by the coil and (iii) by changing the orientation of the coil (quantitative treatment).

AC generator - commercial generator. (Single phase, three phase). Eddy current - applications - transformer - long distance transmission.

Alternating current - measurement of AC-AC circuit with resistance - AC circuit with inductor - AC circuit with capacitor - LCR series circuit - Resonance and Q - factor - power in AC circuits.

Electromagnetic Waves and Wave Optics Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics - Electromagnetic spectrum-radio, microwaves, infra-red, visible, ultra-violet, X rays, gamma rays.

Wavefront and Huygens’s principle - Refl ection, total internal refl ection and refraction of plane wave at a plane surface using wavefronts.

Interference - Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width - coherent source - interference of light- Formation of colours in thin fi lms - analytical treatment - Newton’s rings.

Diff raction - diff erences between interference and diff raction of light- diff raction grating. Polarisation of light waves - polarisation by refl ection - Brewster’s law - double refraction - nicol prism - uses of plane polarised light and Polaroids - rotatory polarisation - polarimeter.

Atomic Physics

Atomic structure - discovery of the electron - specifi c charge (Th omson’s method) and charge of the electron (Millikan’s oil drop method) - alpha scattering - Rutherford’s atom model.

Bohr’s model - energy quantization - energy and wave number expressions - Hydrogen spectrum - energy level diagrams - sodium and mercury spectra - excitation and ionization potentials - Sommerfeld’s atom model.

Masers and Lasers - spontaneous and stimulated emissions - normal population and population inversion - Ruby laser - He-Ne laser - properties and applications of laser light - holography.

Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Photoelectric eff ect - Light waves and photons - Einstein’s photoelectric equation - laws of photoelectric emission - particle nature of energy - experimental verifi cation of Einstein’s photoelectric equation - work function - photo cells and their application.

Matter waves - wave mechanical concept of the atom - wave nature of particles - de Broglie relation - de Broglie wavelength of an electron - electron microscope.

Nuclear Physics

Nuclear properties - nuclear radii, masses, binding energy, density, charge- isotopes, isobars and isotones - nuclear mass defect - binding energy - stability of nuclei - Bainbridge mass spectrometer.

Nature of nuclear forces- Neutron - discovery - properties - artifi cial transmutation - particle accelerator.

Radioactivity - alpha, beta and gamma radiations and their properties-α-decay, β -decay and γ-decay - Radioactive decay law - half life - mean life - artifi cial radioactivity - radio isotopes - eff ects and uses - Geiger - Muller counter. Radio carbon dating - biological radiation hazards.

Nuclear fi ssion - chain reaction - atom bomb - nuclear reactor - nuclear fusion - Hydrogen bomb- cosmic rays - elementary particles.

Semiconductor Devices and their Applications Semiconductor theory - energy band in solids - diff erence between metals, insulators and semiconductors based on band theory- semiconductor doping - Intrinsic and Extrinsic semi conductors.

Formation of P-N Junction - Barrier potential and depletion layer-P-N Junction diode - Forward and reverse bias characteristics - diode as a rectifi er - Zener diode-Zenerdiode as a voltage regulator - LED - seven segment display - LCD.

Junction transistors - characteristics - transistor as a switch - transistor as an amplifi er - transistor biasing - RC, LC coupled and transformer coupling in amplifi ers - feed back in amplifi ers - positive and negative feedback - advantages of negative feedback in amplifi ers - oscillator - condition for oscillations - LC circuit - Colpitt oscillator.

Logic gates - NOT, OR, AND, EXOR using discrete components - NAND and NOR gates as universal gates - Laws and theorems of Boolean algebra.

**Part - II - Chemistry**

Atomic Structure:

Bohr’s atomic model-Sommerfeld’s extension of atomic structure; Electronic confi guration and Quantum numbers; Shapes of s,p,d,f orbitals - Pauli’s exclusion principle - Hund’s Rule of maximum multiplicity - Aufbau principle - Emission spectrum, absorption spectrum, line spectra and band spectra; Hydrogen spectrum - Lyman, Balmer, Poschen, Bracket and Pfund series; deBroglie’s theory; Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle - wave nature of electron - Schrodinger wave equation (No derivation). Eigen values and eigen functions. Hybridization of atomic orbitals involving s,p,d orbitals.

p, d and f - Block Elements

p block elements – Phosphorous compounds; PCl3, PCl5 Oxides. Hydrogen halides, Inter halogen compounds. Xenon fl uoride compounds. General Characteristics of d-block elements - Electronic Confi guration - Oxidation states of fi rst row transition elements and their colours. Occurrence and principles of extraction: Copper, Silver, gold and Zinc. Preparation, properties of CuSO4, AgNO3 and K2Cr2O7.

Lanthanides-Introduction, electronic confi guration, general characteristics, oxidation state - lanthanide contraction, uses, brief comparison of Lanthanides and Actinides.

Nuclear energy Coordination Chemistry and solid state chemistry Introduction – Terminology in coordination chemistry – IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Isomerism - Geometrical isomerism in 4-coordinate, 6-coordinate complexes. Th eories on coordination compounds – Werner’s theory (brief), Valence Bond theory. Uses of coordination compounds. Bioinorganic compounds (Hemoglobin and chlorophyll).

Lattice - unit cell, systems, types of crystals, packing in solids; Ionic crystals – Imperfections in solids – point defects. X-Ray diff raction – Electrical Property, Amorphous solids (elementary ideas only).

Th ermodynamics, Chemical Equilibrium and Chemical Kinetics I and II law of thermodynamics – Spontaneous and non spontaneous processes, entropy, Gibb’s free energy – Free energy change and chemical equilibrium - signifi cance of entropy. Law of mass action – Le Chatlier’s principle, applications of chemical equilibrium. Rate expression, order and molecularity of reactions, zero order, fi rst order and pseudo fi rst reaction - half life period. Determination of rate constant and order of reaction - Temperature dependence of rate constant – Arrhenius equation, activation energy.

Electrochemistry

Theory of electrical conductance; metallic and electrolytic conductance. Faraday’s laws – theory of strong electrolytes – Specifi c resistance, specifi c conductance, equivalent and molar conductance – Variation of conductance with dilution – Kohlraush’s law - Ionic product of water, pH and pOH - buff er solutions - use of pH values. Cells - Electrodes and electrode potentials - construction of cell, EMF values, Fuel cells, Corrosion and its prevention (Basics only).

Isomerism in Organic Compounds

Defi nition, Classifi cation - structural isomerism, stereo isomerism - geometrical and optical isomerism. Optical activity - chirality - compounds containing chiral centres - R - S notation, D - L notation.

Alcohols and Ethers

Nomenclature of alcohols – Classifi cation of alcohols – distinction between 10, 20 and 30 alcohols - General methods of preparation of primary alcohols, properties. Methods of preparation of dihydric alcohols: Glycol - Properties – Uses, Methods of preparation of trihydric alcohols – Properties – uses. Aromatic alcohols – Preparation and properties of phenols and benzyl alcohol.

Ethers – Nomenclature of ethers - general methods of preparation of aliphatic ethers – Properties – Uses. Aromatic ethers – Preparation of anisole – Uses.

Carbonyl Compounds

Nomenclature of carbonyl compounds – Comparison of aldehydes and ketones. General methods of preparation of aldehydes – Properties – Uses. Aromatic aldehydes – Preparation of benzaldehyde – Properties and Uses. Ketones – general methods of preparation of aliphatic ketones (acetone) - Properties – Uses. Aromatic ketones – preparation of acetophenone – Properties – Uses, preparation of benzophenone – Properties. Name reactions; Clemmenson reduction, wolff – kishner reduction, cannizaro reaction, Claisen Schmidt reaction, Benzoin Condensation, aldol Condensation. Preparation and applications of Grignard reagents.

Carboxylic Acids and their derivatives

Nomenclature – Preparation of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids – formic acid – Properties – Uses. Monohydroxy mono carboxylic acids; Lactic acid – synthesis of lactic acid. Aliphatic dicarboxylic acids; Preparation of oxalic and succinic acid. Aromatic acids; Benzoic and Salicylic acid – Properties – uses. Derivatives of carboxylic acids; acetyl chloride (CH3COCl) – Preparation – Properties – Uses.

Preparation of acetamide, Properties – acetic anhydride – preparation, Properties. Preparation of esters – methyl acetate – Properties.

Organic Nitrogen Compounds

Aliphatic nitro compounds – Preparation of aliphatic nitroalkanes – Properties – Uses. Aromatic nitro compounds – Preparation – Properties – Uses. Distinction between aliphatic and aromatic nitro compounds. Amines; aliphatic amines – General methods of preparation – Properties – Distinction between 10, 20 and 30 amines. Aromatic amines – Synthesis of benzylamine – Properties, Aniline – Preparation – Properties – Uses. Distinction between aliphatic and aromatic amines. Aliphatic nitriles – Preparation – properties – Uses. Diazonium salts – Preparation of benzene diazoniumchloride – Properties.

Biomolecules

Carbohydrates – distinction between sugars and non sugars, structural and formulae of glucose, fructose and sucrose, with their linkages, invert sugar – defi nition and examples of polysaccharides, amino acids, peptides

**Part - III - Mathematics**

Applications of Matrices and Determinants Adjoint, inverse - properties, computation of inverses, solution of system of linear equations by matrix inversion method.

Rank of a matrix - elementary transformation on a matrix, consistency of a system of linear equations, Cramer’s rule, non-homogeneous equations, homogeneous linear system and rank method.

Complex Numbers

Complex number system - conjugate, properties, ordered pair representation.

Modulus - properties, geometrical representation, polar form, principal value, conjugate, sum, diff erence, product, quotient, vector interpretation, solutions of polynomial equations, De Moivre’s theorem and its applications. Roots of a Complex Number - nth roots, cube roots, fourth roots.

Analytical Geometry of two dimensions

Defi nition of a conic - General Equation of a Conic, Classifi cation with respect to the General Equation of a Conic, Classifi cation of Conics with respect to eccentricity.

Equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms and general forms - Directrix, Focus and Latus rectum - parametric form of conics and chords - Tangents and normals - cartesian form and parametric form - Equation of Chord of contact of tangents from a point (X1, Y1) to all the above said curves.

Asymptotes, Rectangular hyperbola - Standard equation of a rectangular hyperbola.

Vector Algebra

Scalar Product – Angle between two vectors, properties of scalar product, applications of dot products. vector product – right handed and left handed systems, properties of vector product, applications of cross product.

Product of three vectors – Scalar triple product, Properties of scalar triple product, Vector triple product, vector product of four vectors, scalar product of four vectors.

Analytical Geometry of Three Dimensions

Direction cosines - Direction ratios - Equation of a straight line passing through a given point and Parallel to a given line, Passing through two given points, Angle between two lines.

Planes - Equation of a plane, Passing through a given point and perpendicular to a line, given the distance from the origin and unit normal, Passing through a given point and parallel to two given lines, Passing through two given points and Parallel to a given line, Passing through three given Non- Collinear points, Passing through the line of intersection of two given planes, Th e distance between a point and a Plane, the plane which contains two given line (co-planar lines), angle between a line and a plane.

Skew Lines - Shortest distance between two lines, Condition for two lines to intersect, Point of Intersection, Collinearity of three points.

Sphere - Equation of the Sphere whose centre and radius are given, equation of a sphere when the extremities of the diameter are given.

Diff erential Calculus

Derivative as a rate Measurer - Rate of change, Velocity, Acceleration, Related Rates, Derivative as a measure of Slope, Tangent, Normal and angle between Curves, Maxima and Minima.

Mean value Th eorem - Rolle’s Th eorem, Lagrange Mean Value Th eorem, Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s series, L’ Hospital’sRule, Stationary points, Increasing, Decreasing, Maxima,

Minima, Concavity, Convexity and points of Infl exion.

Errors and Approximations - absolute, Relative, Percentage Errors - Curve Tracing, Partial Derivatives, Euler’s

Theorem.

Integral Calculus and its Applications

Simple defi nite Integrals - Fundamental Th eorems of Calculus, Properties of Defi nite Integrals. Reduction formulae - Reduction formulae for and , Bernoulli’s formula.

Area of Bounded Regions, Length of the Curve.

Diff erential Equations

Diff erential Equations - Formation of diff erential equations, order and degree, solving diff erential equations (1st order), variable separable homogeneous, linear equations.

Second order linear Diff erential Equations - Second order Linear Diff erential Equations with constant co-effi cients,

Finding the Particular Integral if f(x)=emx, sin mx, cos mx, x, x2.

Probability Distributions

Probability - Axioms - Addition Law - Conditional

Probability - Multiplicative Law - Baye’s Th eorem - Random variable - probability density function, distribution function, mathematical expectation, variance.

Theoretical distributions - discrete distributions, Binomial, Poisson distributions - Continuous distributions, Normal distribution.

Discrete Mathematics

Mathematical Logic - Logical statements, Connectives, Truth Tables, Logical Equivalence, Tautology, Contradiction.

Groups - Binary Operations, Semigroups, Monoids, Groups, Order of a Group, Order of an Element., Properties of Groups.

**Part - IV - Biology**

Taxonomy

Linnaean system of Classifi cation and Binomial

Nomenclature; History and types of classifi cation; Status of Bacteria and Viruses; Classifi cation of angiosperms up to sub-class level (Bentham and Hooker’ system); Salient features of Non-Chordates up to phylum level and chordates up to class levels

Evolution

Modern concepts of Organic Evolution, Evidences of Organic Evolution (Fossil records and Biochemical Evidences). Darwinism and Neo - Darwinism, Lamarckism, Neo - Lamarckism, sources of variation, Mutation, Recombination, Genetic Drift, Migration, natural Selection. Origin and concepts of Species: Speciation and Isolation (Geographical Pre-Mating and Post-Mating or Post Zygotic), Adaptive Radiations.

Cell and Molecular Biology

Discovery of Cell, Cell as a contained unit – Pro and Eukaryotic cells and its Ultra Structure. Cell division: Amitosis, Mitosis and Meiosis. Th e Cell: Cell Wall, Cell Membrance and Cell Organelles (Plastids, Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Bodies, Ribosomes, Lysosomes, Vacuoles, and Centrioles) DNA and RNA, DNA as Genetic Material, Replication, Transcription, Genetic Code, Translation, Gene Expression and Regulation.

Reproduction and Genetics

Reproduction in Organisms: Asexual and Sexual Reproduction, Sexual Reproduction in Flowering Plants, Structure of Flowers, Pollination, Fertilization, Development of seeds and fruits, Apomixes, and Poly - Embryony.

Human Reproduction: Reproductive system in Male and Female, Menstrual Cycles, Production of Gametes, Fertilization, Implantation, Embryo Development, Pregnancy, Parturition and Lactation.

Chromosomes: Structure and Types, Genes and Genomes, Linkage and Crossing over, Recombination of Chromosomes, Mutation, Chromosomal Aberration, mendelian Inheritance, Chromosomal Th eory of Inheritance, Deviation from Mendelian Ratio (Gene Interaction, Incomplete Dominance, Co-Dominance, Complimentary Gene, Multiple Allelism), Chromosomal Disorders in Humans.

Microbiology and Immunology

Introduction and history of Medical Microbiology, The Infl uence of Pasture, Pathogens and Parasites, Viruses, Bacteria and Protozoa: Structure and Diseases caused by them. Microbes in Households, Food Processing, Industrial Production, Savage Treatment, Waste management and Energy Generation. Basic concepts of Immunology: Innate and Humoral Immunity, Lymphoid Organs, Lymph Nodes and Spleen, Antibodies, Transplantation Immunology, Immune System Disorders.

Physiology: Plant and Human

Plant Physiology: Movement of water, Food, Nutrients, Gases and Minerals. Respiration, Photosynthesis (Light and Dark Reactions), Factors aff ecting Photosynthesis, Electron Transport Chain (ETC), Glycolysis, Kreb’s Cycle. Pentose Phosphate pathway, Hormones and Growth Regulators,

Photo-Periodism and Vernalization.

Human Physiology:

Digestion and Absorption, Breathing and Respiration, Body Fluids and Circulation, Excretory system, Endocrine

System, Nervous System, Skeletal and Muscular Systems: Locomotion and Movement, Growth, Aging and Death.

Biotechnology and Its Applications Recombinant DNA Technology, Applications in Health, Agriculture and Industries; Genetically Modifi ed Organisms; Bio-Safety Issues, Insulin and Bt Cotton, Transgenic Plants and microbes, Plant Tissue Culture and Its Application, Protoplasmic Fusions, Single Cell Proteins.

Biodiversity, Ecology and Environment:

Ecosystems: Components, Types and Energy flow in Ecosystem; Species, Population and Community, Ecological Adaptations, Centers of Diversity and Conservation of Bio- Diversity, Botanical Gardens, National Parks, Sanctuaries and Museums, Environmental Issues, Human Population Explosion, Green House Eff ects, Ozone Layer Depletion, Government and Non-Government Agencies Handling

Environmental Issues: Poverty and Freshwater Crisis and Management.

Applied Biology and Human Welfare

Bio-Pesticides, Genetically Modifi ed Foods, Bio-Wars, Bio-Piracy, Sustainable Agriculture and Medicinal Plants, Economic Importance of food Yielding (Rice) Oil Yielding (Groundnuts), Fiber Yielding (Cotton) and Timber Yielding (Teak) Plants.

Population and Birth Control, Contraception and MTP, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Infertility, Cancer and AIDS. Adolescence and Drug or Alcohol Abuse.

Advanced Biology

Plant and Human Genome Projects, DNA Fingerprinting and its Applications, Bioinformatics and its Applications, DNA Sequencing and Protein Structure and Biological Databases.

**About:****VIT University**The VIT University, commonly referred to as Vellore Institute of Technology or VIT located in Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India. VIT has nine schools which offer 15 undergraduate and 30 postgraduate programs. The university follows an entrance exam based system VIT of admission. An yearly entrance exam, Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Exam (VITEEE), is conducted around the month of April. The admissions from this exam are decided based on merit. Similarly, another entrance exam, Vellore Institute of Technology Masters' Entrance Exam (VITMEE), is conducted for admissions to the Masters' programs. For entrance into Business Management programmes, the results of the Nation-wide Common Admission Test (CAT) and other equivalent tests are considered.

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